Image Resolution, Format, Aspect Ratio







Typical Resolutions and Aspect Ratios


Type Pixel Resolution Format
Video Conference 4CIF 704 x 576  
Video Conference 4SIF 352 x 240  
Video Conference SIF 704 x 480  
Video Conference CIF 352 x 288  
IBM CGA 320 x 200 1.6:1
CGA 320 x 240 4:3
Mac II 640 x 480 4:3
EGA 640 x 350  
VGA 640 x 480 4:3
analog TV NTSC lines: 525 interlaced, 60Hz 4:3
analog TV PAL (Europe) lines: 625 interlaced, 50Hz 4:3
MDA 720 x 350  
S-VGA 800 x 600 4:3
XGA 1024 x 768 4:3
Apple G4 1152 x 768 6:4
Sun Microsystem 1152 x 900 1.28:1
UVGA 1280 x 1024 5:4
SXGA 1280 x 1024 5:4
SXGA+ 1400 x 1050 4:3
WXGA 1366 x 768 1:1.78
WXGA 1280 x 768 1:1.66
WXGA 1280 x 800 16:10
WXGA 1400 x 800 16:10
SXGAW 1600 x 1024 1.5625:1
UXGA 1600 x 1200 4:3
WSXGA 1680 x 1050 16:10
WUXGA 1920 x 1200 16:10
QXGA 2048 x 1536 4:3
QSXGA 2560 x 2048 5:4
QSXGAW 3200 x 2048 1.5625:1
QUXGA 3200 x 2400 4:3
QUXGAW 3840 x 2400 1.6:1
WQXGA 2560 x 1600 16:10
HD 1080i60 1920 x 1080 interlaced @ 60Hz 16:9
HD 1080p60 1920 x 1080 progressive @ 60Hz 16:9
HD 720p50 1280 x 720 progressive @ 50Hz 16:9
HD 720p60 1280 x 720 progressive @ 60Hz 16:9
HD 1080p24 1920 x 1080 progressive @ 24Hz (24 fps, frames per second) 16:9
2160 and 4320 resolutions are only progressive, not interlaced !
UHD-1 2160p50 3840 x 2160 progressive @ 50Hz 16:9
UHD-1 2160p60 3840 x 2160 progressive @ 60Hz 16:9
UHD-1 2160p100 3840 x 2160 progressive @ 100Hz 16:9
UHD-1 2160p120 3840 x 2160 progressive @ 120Hz 16:9
UHD-2 4320p100 7680 x 4320 progressive @ 100Hz 16:9
UHD-2 4320p120 7680 x 4320 progressive @ 120Hz 16:9
UHD1 - 4k 3840 x 2160 16:9
4k Cinema 4096 x 2160 16:9
UHD2 - 8k 7680 x 4320 16:9
8k Cinema 8192 4320 17:9




Image Formats




format / aspect ratio comparison:    16:9 video format, 16:10 PC format, 4:3 'old' TV and PC format





Calculate image height, image width, image diagonal and image area with this Excel file (SAVE download from THIS website)   



PPI - Pixel per Inch


PPI (also called pixel density, pixel per inch) is the measurement of the pixel resolution of any display (or camera or scanner, etc.). It specifies the pixel resolution within a specified space (width * height). The square below his 500 pixels by 500 pixels. By measuring it on screen, the PPI can be calculated:
1. width and height measurement in mm is changed in inch (multiply the mm with 0.03937)
2. the numbers are divided by 500
3. the results indicate the horizontal and vertical PPI







SD and HD Formats


Most common formats, SD and HD
Format Frames per Second Pixels (H X V) Aspect Ratio Type
480p 24, 30, 60 345,600 (720 X 480) 4:3 SD
576p 24, 25, 50 414,720 (720 X 576) 4:3 SD
720p 24, 25, 30, 50, 60 921,600 (1280 X 720) 16:9 HD
1080i 25, 30 2,073,600 (1920 X 1080) 16:9 HD
1080p 24, 25, 30, 50, 60 2,073,600 (1920 X 1080) 16:9 HD




HD Resolutions
Resolution (WH) Pixels Aspect Ratio Video Format
1024768 786,432 16:9 (non-square pixels) 720p/XGA
1280720 921,600 16:9 720p/WXGA
1366768 1,049,088 16:9 720p/WXGAHDTV standard format
10241080 1,105,920 16:9 (non-square pixels) 1080p
12801080 1,382,400 16:9 (non-square pixels) <1080p
19201080 2,073,600 16:9 1080pHDTV standard format
38402160 8,294,400 16:9 2160p DCI Cinema 4k standard format